October 19, 2007
Layers of leather: The identity formation of leathermen as a process of transforming meanings of masculinity.
Mosher CM, Levitt HM, Manley E.
Counseling Psychology Program, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.
Leathermen form a gay male subculture that eroticizes leather dress and symbols. This investigation examined the relationship of participants’ leather identity to their gender and sexual identities. In addition, the participants described their process of leather identity development, and its meanings and purposes. Six self-identified leathermen participated in semi-structured interviews that were subjected to a grounded-theory analysis. The analysis suggested that leathermen develop a unique form of masculinity, integrating care and vulnerability with an aesthetic of heightened masculine appearance. Flexible interactional scripts allow for gendered signs to be enacted, designating a social status that is not recognized by the mainstream gay community. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research on gay male masculinity, gay community, sexual identity formation, and internalized homophobia.
PMID: 17135117 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
October 17, 2007
1: J Homosex. 2001;42(1):1-28.Links
Marginalization among the marginalized: gay men’s anti-effeminacy attitudes.
Counseling Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607-7164, USA. Kittiwut@uic.edu
Contemporary research has shown that a significant portion of gay men have traits, interests, occupations, and behaviors that are consistent with the stereotype of gay men as effeminate, androgynous, or unmasculine. A great number of gay men exhibit gender nonconformity during childhood; most, however, “defeminize” during adolescence, possibly in response to stigmatization and society’s gender-role prescription. Only a relatively small percentage of gay men continue to be gender-nonconforming in their adulthood, often at a price, as they also tend to have lower psychological well-being. Although gay culture historically appreciated camp and drag, which subvert the gender-based power hierarchy and celebrate gender nonconformity, anti-effeminacy prejudice is widespread among gay men. Ironically, gender-nonconforming gay men may suffer from discrimination not only from society at large, but from other gay men, who are most likely to have experienced stigmatization and may have been effeminate earlier in their lives. Drawing from anecdotes and findings from various sources, this article suggests that beyond many gay men’s erotic preference for masculinity lies contempt and hostility toward effeminacy and effeminate men on sociopolitical and personal levels. Two correlates of gay men’s anti-effeminacy attitudes are proposed: (a) hegemonic masculinity ideology, or the degree to which one subscribes to the value system in which masculinity is an asset, and men and masculinity are considered superior to women and femininity; and (b) masculinity consciousness, or the saliency of masculinity in one’s self-monitoring, public self-consciousness, and self-concept. These two variables are hypothesized to interact with gay men’s self-perceived masculinity-femininity and their history of defeminization in predicting attitudes toward effeminacy. Research is underway to measure levels of anti-effeminacy attitudes and explore hypothesized correlates.
PMID: 11991561 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
August 26, 2006
“Emo” = emotional. It is a transparent character.
The emo doesnt fight for acceptance.
How many people do not feel alone, sad and write poetry.
How many do not feel the pain of “Picked last in gym classes”.
There is a trend of gay boys into the “emo” movement.
Many punks and weirds feel the same rejection from the “populars”.
“Emos” are ostracise with punk music, veggies and their miserable existance.
They are not straight acting wannabees, developing crushes on idealize hunks.
It is a very brave character, stronger than a muscle protein princess.
Instead, they are alternative geeks expressing their anger and depression.
Rebeling against the main stream.
Hopefully in search of a positive self image, and a succesfull exit to life existance.
More about on
August 19, 2006
Robert could be a geek. The best little perfect boy.
Gay, lawyer, single and 31 years old.
Relax Robert, and Flow!
Have a look on this excellent video, VH1’s show “cant get a date”.
August 17, 2006
The opposite of the Hunk might be the Geek.
Another variation is “the best little boy” as some other authors have reported (Andrew Tobias).
The brainy look to hide, an anorexic sexuality.
Both, the Hunk and the Geek, are obssesively competitive.
They are both filled with fear and insecurity.
Both in search of a positive masculine identity.